Title and Abstract Preparation

This help document explains how to format your title and abstract if you plan to submit your paper by ftp or by e-mail. After you have completed reading this part, return to the submission help to learn how to submit your paper.

So that we can provide descriptive information for submitted papers, we have adopted a specific format for the author-submitted titles and abstracts.

You must format this title/abstract file by hand if you are submitting by ftp or by e-mail; if you are submitting by web upload then you will fill out a form for the various fields.

You can examine an example title/abstract file for a submission. We also have an example title/abstract for math archive submission.

There are two sections, separated and surrounded by three \\ symbols at the beginning of lines. The first section contains the special information fields, and the second section contains the text of the abstract.

The possible information fields in the first section are

Do not include any extra fields not listed here. They will cause your title/abstract to be formatted incorrectly on the archive. If a field does not apply to your paper, omit it.

Do not use any 8-bit characters in this file. Typically such characters are generated when authors try to include special accented characters, such as for their names. Make sure that all the characters in your title/abstract file are normal printing characters. If you really want to know why, you can read about this problem and other details.

Abstracts are automatically processed, so it is important to adhere to the format. The most important processing is line-wrapping to 80 characters. This is preferable for most abstracts, but there are occasions when lines shouldn't be wrapped together, e.g. if the abstract is a table of contents. To allow for this, lines with leading white space are not wrapped. Thus, you should not submit an abstract that contains leading white space unless you explicitly prefer no wrapping.

We have a cut-and-paste template for convenience. And there are some more examples.

Information Fields